Key points by Ioanna Georgia Eskiadi
Disinformation refers to false information with the intent to harm. Disinformation is fabricated or deliberately manipulated audio/visual content intentionally created conspiracy theories or rumors. Disinformation’s intent is to harm and falseness. Verification refers to fact-checking before and after publication and is done by journalists and fact-checkers. Open-Source Intelligence (OSINT) refers to gathering of information publicly available on internet. It’s about different topics and cam allows specialization. It could involve some risks.
OSINT it’s usually done by journalists, analysts/experts on security and cyber-security and activists. If you want to counter disinformation it’s important to create your method. First document everything to avoid losing crucial pieces of information and to ensure the transparency of your verification. Second thing is to set up a toolbox. Keep lists of tools, bookmark them and share with colleagues. And don’t forget to pick up the phone. 5 pillars of verification are the provenance, source, date, location and motivation. Don’t get tricked by online disinformation. Remember these checks when browsing social media like source, history, evidence, emotion and picture. Be careful that tools can get wrong sometimes. So, be creative ask yourself questions, try different tools and different strategies of verification and search. Some tools for search are Search Engines/Operators like Advanced search Google and Google Scholar. Another solution is to look for trends like Google Trends and Answer the public.
Also, translations like Google Translate and Deepl.com. As it regards images and video verification, first tool is the reverse image search, Yandex and TinEye. Meta2go is a tool where you can upload files and get data about when and where the pic was taken and which device has been used. When verifying photos try to enhance resolution, isolate details and pixelate elements in foreground to better analyze the background. Verification of videos can be done with InVid and YouTube dataviewer. Next activity refers to Geolocalization with Google street view, Google Earth Pro and SunCalc.org. Social network analysis is one of the most powerful and rich. Some tools interesting for social network analysis are “Who posted what?”, Facebook Video Downloader, Twitter advanced search, Twitonomy, Twitter Video Downloader and Instagram Story Saver.
The 5th Thessaloniki International Summer Academy on Media is organized by School of Journalism and Mass Communications of Aristotle University Thessaloniki (AUTh), Jean Monet of European Union Public Diplomacy along with other partners under the title: “New trends in Media and Journalism: Turning crisis into opportunity”.
Special emphasis is given on the topics:
1. Disinformation, Science Journalism / News Literacy
2. Crisis Communication
3. New business models in Media Organisations